Climate

Tanzania’s climate is typically sunny, dry, and warm. Nov -December and mid March-Oct) is warmer (70ºF – 80ºF) with a higher chance of rain. From May through to November, it is generally cooler and drier (60ºF – 80ºF).

Passports/Visas

To enter Tanzania, you must be in possession of a passport that remains valid for at least six (6) months beyond your scheduled departure date from Tanzania. Most visitors require visas with the exception of citizens of certain Commonwealth countries (for more details, visit http://www.tanzania.go.tz/visas.html). It is advisable to obtain them prior to your departure as some airlines insist on them prior to departure. They can however, also be obtained on arrival at the major International Airports and at the Namanga Gate on the Tanzania/Kenya border.

Visas normally cost US$50.00 (but will vary with nationality) and they are usually valid for three months. Requirements for obtaining a visa are passport valid for six months beyond the intended length of stay, two passport photographs, proof of sufficient funds, two application forms and a detailed itinerary stating the reason for your visit. Sometimes a photocopy of your airline tickets is required

Currency

The currency used in Tanzania is the Tanzania Shilling (TShs). Please check online for an up to date exchange rate. Visitors can bring with any amount of foreign currency in, but it is against the law to import or export Tanzania Currency. Foreign currency can be exchanged easily at a Bureau de Change and there are ATMS for Visas/Debit transactions. Tanzania however still operates a cash industry so do not expect to be able to use your Visa/Debit cards easily except at the high end hotels or luxury lodges.

Health and Immunization

Modern medical services are available in big cities and towns. For medical advice, it’s always best to consult your doctor.

Most travelers receive a vaccination for yellow fever and anti malarial pills. Visitors from countries infected with cholera and yellow fever must produce international vaccination certificates.

Insurance

We require that all clients arrange personal travel insurance to cover their medical, property, and other personal risks for the duration of their safaris

Language

The official languages of Tanzania are Kiswahili and English. Kiswahili is spoken and understood by the great majority of nationals. A lot of nationals understand English, especially at professional levels and all our team speaks fluent English. If you require a tour guide that speaks a language other than English, please contact us so we can accommodate your requirements.

Security

Tanzania is one of the safest countries in East Africa. However, like any other country, you have to be cautious of your surroundings. Avoid wearing expensive jewelry, walking in the dark, abandoned lanes and streets. Keeps an eye on your valuables, including purses, wallets, handbags and cameras.

Electricity

Tanzania uses the UK/European standard power supply of 220/240 voltages. If you want to use U.S. appliances you will need a voltage converter as well as a plug converter. We do however suggest you bring battery-operated appliances wherever possible.

Food and Drinks

Generally, the more expensive the hotel or restaurant, the better and safer the food will be. Cities like Arusha have a vast range of food from local to international, prepared by skilled and trained chefs. We provide bottled water for our trips as it is generally recommended to drink only bottled water, which is readily available everywhere. There are no restrictions on the sale and consumption of alcoholic drinks in East Africa. There are plenty of imported beers, wines and spirits.

Safari Clothing

It never gets really cold in Tanzania, so lightweight clothing is the norm. However experiences colder weather in the months of June and July. On safari, short sleeve shirts/blouses, and shorts are ideal. A light jacket/sweater may be needed in the evening at higher altitudes where it can get rather cold in the early morning and evenings. Sensible walking shoes, a hat to protect your head from the sun is important, and sunglasses are essential too. If climbing, you need to see our list below advising of essential equipment/clothing.

Equipment – Essential advice and comments added

HIKING & CLIMBING: Most of the following equipment and some advice needed for your climbing. Please also do some Google research on high attitude hiking & climbing in Africa.:

Content of your main HaverSack to be carried by porters are:

Sleeping bag
Water/wind proof /protector jacket (light material breathable fabric) – its essential you make sure you have the right jacket for this activity – 1 per person (pp)
Warm jacket -1 pp
Rain clothes – 1 pp
Sweaters – 2 pp
Warm trousers – 2 pp
Hiking Shorts – 4 pairs pp
Hiking Trousers – 2 pp (offering protection from the bush and from the sun)
Long warm leggings/underwear – 1 pp
Climbing boots – 1 pair pp
Walking shoes (hiking) – 1 pair pp,
Cotton socks – 12 pairs pp (don’t be fooled by taking less. Cold feet are one of the main reasons people get hypothermia and have to make an emergency descent). Your feet will sweat every day as you hike so you must have spare enough to change into dry socks when you stop for the night. Wearing 2 slim pairs of sock in your Walking Shoes will assist in the prevention of blisters from sweating. Thick Thermal Socks are a must for the final summit. Have 2 to 3 pairs available and ensure your Climbing Boots are at least 1 size bigger than your feet.

Hiking shorts – 2 pp (minimum)
T-shirts – 2 per day
Baseball cap
Thermal or wooly hat for summit climb
Gloves – 2 pairs (wooly inserts and thermal-wind-waterproof outer pair)
Water bottle (2 x 2litre bottles) Camel back or hiking bottles (with attached straw)
Head Torch Light (many extra batteries & preferably a spare torch) – 1 or 2 pp

Small ‘day’ ruck sack (with your daily stuff packed inside):
Water bottle (holder on side of ruck rack)
Camera & or video camera
Energy Snacks & Sweets

First Aid Kit and general medicines such as diarrhoea drug, anti-altitude sickness prevention drug (optional), water filter/iodine tablets, plasters, plaster tape roll, plastic skin plasters for blisters, rehydrate, headache tablets, insect repellent, sunburn skin hydrate) – you will carry this rucksack yourself, so contents need to be well organised, non-bulky and light weight.
Walking sticks – a pair
Sun glasses – preferably Polaroid or special snow climbing glasses – (essential in preventing snow blindness. This symptom is only temporary BUT very painful)
Watch – optional

Please note: You can bring your own equipment or rent a lot of it from us.

It is ESSENTIAL you come with your own trekking shoes and climbing boots. It is important that you ‘wear these in’ for a duration of at least 3 weeks prior to your climb. No climbing up to high altitudes should be taken lightly, and unless you are an extremely fit hiker, you are bound to have time planned to get reasonably fit and to get used to your boots! Foot blisters or uncomfortable boots will affect your chances of success.

Tipping

The recommended ones per day (from the whole group) is as follows. This is only a guideline as the amount you wish to pay is entirely on your personal discretion. Tanzania follows the same customs as the USA regarding tipping. Guidelines are as below:

Climbing: – Chief guide: 15USD, each assistant guide: 12USD, Cook 12USD and each porter: 8USD.

For safaris:-Driver 15USD, and a Cook 8USD. Of course, you can pay more if you are particularly impressed and less if, you are not.

Photography

It’s easy to become excited with all you will see and to spontaneously start taking photographs. This is quite natural when on safari however when it concerns local people and areas that may be considered “sensitive” please be considerate. Please bear in mind and respect that some people might not want to have their picture taken or when traveling you may experience rare areas where photography is banned (i.e passing government constitutions etc). If you are unsure, you can ask your driver for advice. Bring spare batteries and memory cards to make sure you don’t run low on supplies during your trip.